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LOÀI

Tên Khoa học: Dendrobium christyanum Reichb.f.
Tên tiếng Anh:
Tên tiếng Việt: Hỏa hoàng; Bạch hỏa hoàng
Tên khác: Dendrobium margaritaceum Fin.;

MÔ TẢ CHUNG

Typus. — Thailand. Siam, sine loc., Veitch, Herb. Reichenbach,  32377 (holo-, W). haBitat, phenoLogy and conservation status. — Epiphyte on  tall trees in primary and secondary evergreen humid broad-leaved  and mixed forests on steep slopes on granite, particularly along  mountain edges, often on ericaceous and pine trees. (1000)1500-2400 m. Fl. January-March, August-September.

Locally common. 

Expected IUCN Red List status – EN.

Distribution.

Vietnam (Khanh Hoa, Kon Tum, Lam Dong, Nghe An, Ninh Thuan).

Thailand, S. China.

Description

Stems fusiform to cylindrical, (4)5-15(25) cm long, 5-8 mm  in diameter, of few to many nodes. Leaves lanceolate to oblong  lanceolate, 3-8 cm long, 0.6-1.4 cm wide. Inflorescences 1-2(3),  each with 1-2(3) flowers. Pedicel and ovary pale greenish,  1.2-2.5 cm long. Flowers odorless, widely opening, 4-7 cm  across, white, disc bright red, usually with contrasting yellow  spot in the front on adaxial surface. Sepals triangular ovate,  acute, 2.2-3.5 cm long, 0.8-1.4 cm wide; mentum broadly  conical, 0.8-1.2 cm long. Petals narrowly obovate to oblong, as long as sepals, as wide as sepals or little wider, acute to  shortly apiculate. Lip broadly obovate, pandurate, 3-lobed,  3-5(5.5) cm long, 2.5-3.2 cm wide, side lobes half circular, as  long as emarginate, obcordate median lobe; disc with 3(5) low  rugose granulose keels. Column

Remark

This species was observed in the past as an abundant plant on  many tops of the Ngoc Linh and Phu Xai Lai Leng moun-tains. It was also abundant on old trees of Pinus krempfii in the  Lang Bian plateau to the west of the Hon Giao Mountains.  Presently the species has become rare due to deforestation  and extensive collection for the trade.

ẢNH

Dendrobium christyanum (1) Leonid et al. on ADANSONIA 2016 38 (2).jpg at www.BotanyVN.com

Ảnh 1. Dendrobium christyanum (1) Leonid et al. on ADANSONIA 2016 38 (2).jpg

 

Dendrobium christyanum (2) Leonid et al. on ADANSONIA 2016 38 (2).jpg at www.BotanyVN.com

Ảnh 2. Dendrobium christyanum (2) Leonid et al. on ADANSONIA 2016 38 (2).jpg

 

PHÂN LOẠI KHOA HỌC
Giới: Thực vật
Ngành: Magnoliophyta
Lớp: Liliopsida
Bộ: Orchidales
Họ: Orchidaceae
Chi: Dendrobium

CHỈ SỐ

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