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SPECIES

Scientific name: Jasminanthes xuanlienensis T.B.Tran & Rodda
English name:
Vietnamese name:
Other name:

DESCRIPTION

Type

Vietnam. Thanh Hoa province: Xuan Lien National Park, 720 m, N19°59'14.6", E104°59'49.1", 22 April 2013, Do Van Hai et al. XL 904 (HN, holotype; HN, isotype). L

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ana large, up to 10 m long. Stems glabrous, 1.7–2 mm in diameter; internodes 21–23 cm long. Leaves opposite; petiole 1.6–2.6 cm long, 1.5–2 mm in diameter, pubescent with spreading trichomes, lamina variable in shape, elliptic (ovate), 11–15 × 4.1–6.8 cm, with many black spots when dry; adaxial surface glabrous except sparsely pubescent base with spreading trichomes, basal colleters 1–3 each lamina base, ovoid; abaxial surface pubescent, with spreading trichomes; base round to acuminate; apex acuminate with a caudate tip 0.8–1.5 cm long; lateral veins 9–13 pairs. Inflorescences extra-axillary, simple or dichotomous, umbelliform, up to 30-flowered; peduncle 14–18 cm long, 1.3–1.7 mm in diameter, pubescent, trichomes spreading to retrorse. Pedicel 8.5–11.0 mm long, 0.2–0.5 mm in diameter, pubescent with spreading trichomes. Flower bud just before anthesis fusiform, 10.7–13.0 mm long, 1.9–2.9 mm in diameter, apex acuminate, base bulbous. Calyx sepals 5, free; lobes triangular-linear, apex acuminate, 2.5–2.6 × 0.6–1.0 mm, adaxial surface glabrous, abaxial surface pubescent with spreading trichomes; colleters occurring singly between the sepals, ovoid-conical, 0.2–0.3 × 0.1–0.2 mm. Corolla salverform, tube 12.0–14.5 mm long, adaxially with 5 pairs of longitudinal lines of retrorse trichomes, abaxially glabrous, throat pubescent, eglandular trichomes 0.36–0.70(–1.34) mm long, lobes elliptic-ovate to triangular, 7.0–8.0 × 3.0–3.6 mm, adaxial surface salmon-pink, abaxial surface greenish-white. Corona staminal; corona lobes arrow-shaped, much reduced and attached to gynostegium lengthwise, c. 1.8 mm high, c. 0.8 mm wide, glabrous. Guide rails 1.7–2.0 mm long. Gynostegium 3.5–4.0 mm tall, 1.8–2.0 mm wide. Pollinia erect, oblong, 0.49–0.58 mm × 0.2–0.23 mm; caudicle 0.12–0.13 mm × 0.05–0.06 mm; corpusculum rhomboid, 0.2–0.23 × 0.10–0.11 mm. Anther appendages erect, covering the style head, 1.0–1.2 × 0.7–0.9 mm. Style head conical with a round tip, 0.8–1.0 mm high. Ovary bi-carpellate, carpels ovoid, c. 1.60 mm long, 1.10 mm wide at the base. Fruits and seeds not observed. E

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ymology T

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e species is named after the type locality, Xuan Lien National Park, Thanh Hoa province, in northern Vietnam. D

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stribution and ecology J

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sminanthes xuanlienensis was found growing in primary evergreen forests on limestone soil of Xuan Lien National Park. It was collected in flower in April. Plants observed growing in the vicinity include Piper acreanum C.DC., Beccarinda tonkinensis (Pellegr.) B.L.Burtt, Sarcosperma kachinense (King & Prain) Exell, Hoya vercillata (Vahl) G.Don, and Alangium salviifolium (L.f.) Wangerin. C

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nservation status J

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sminanthes xuanlienensis is known only from the type locality, an area still poorly known botanically; its preliminary conservation status is therefore Data Deficient (DD; IUCN 2014). N

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tes T

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e six species of Jasminanthes are clearly distinguishable from one another based on morphological characters (Table 1). The new species can be easily separated from all Jasminanthes species as it has very long peduncles (14–18 cm long), while the longest peduncles observed in other species are those of J. pilosa (Kerr) W.D.Stevens & P.T.Li and J. saxatilis (Tsiang & P.T.Li) W.D.Stevens & P.T.Li), which reach 4 cm long. Jasminanthes xuanlienensis has unique pink corolla lobes whereas the other species have white corollas, or greenish corollas in J. saxatilis. &

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bsp; R

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f: PhytoKeys 69: 17-22 (18 Aug 2016) &

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bsp;

PHOTOS

Jasminthes xualienensis T.B.Tran.jpg at www.BotanyVN.com

Photo 1. Jasminthes xualienensis T.B.Tran.jpg

 

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Gentianales
Familia: Asclepiadaceae
Genus: Jasminanthes

PARAMETERS

BVN - BotanyVN - Botany Research and Development Group of Vietnam
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