Vietnam is very rich in Macro Fungi. Studies on Macro fungi in Vietnam started at the end of 19th century (Patouillard, 1890). In the last century, the studies in the Macro fungi in Vietnam were carried out by the Vietnamese and some foreigner mycrologist but the most of theirs puplication were interpreted in Vietnamese. Today about 1400 species of Macro fungi have been reported from Vietnam, dividing into Basidimycota (90%), Ascomycota (8%), Myxomycota (1,5%), Glomeromycota (0,5%). The most diversity orders of Macro fungi Vietnam’s belong to Agaricomycetes: Aphyllophorales (about 350 species), Agaricales (nearly 300 species), Boletales (about 60 species), Russulales (over 40 species). While the orders of Tremelomycetes only found Tremellales (17 species), of Dacrymycetes - Dacrymycetales (5 species), Pucciniomycetes - Septobasidiales (12 species), Ustilagomycetes - Ustilagilales (Ustilago maydis, Ustilago esculenta). The Macro fungi of Vietnam include multiple geographycal origins: Pan-tropical species, paleo-tropical species, tropical asian species, east asian and north american species, east asian species, northern temperate species, holarctic species and cosmopolist species. The Macro fungi of Vietnam have very high resource value, such as: edible mushrooms (about 250 species), phamaceutical mushrooms (230 species), poisonous mushroom (35 species) and many species can be used in biotechnology and for environmental conservation.
Trinh Tam Bao, Trinh Tam Kiet
Ha Noi National University