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Tên Khoa học: Cleisostoma tricornutum Aver.
Tên tiếng Anh:
Tên tiếng Việt:
Tên khác:

MÔ TẢ CHUNG

Perennial monopodial epiphytic herb. Stem simple or basally few branc hed, rigid, curved, suberect or pendulous and ascending, (0.5)1-4(6) cm long, 3-5 mm in diam., with many wiry, flexuose roots at the base; internodes (3)4-8(10) mm long. Leaves rigid, leathery, straight or recurved, sometime somewhat twisted, (3)4-8(10) cm long, (0.6)0.8-1.4(1.6) cm wide, unequally bilobed, with short oblique obtuse lobes. Inflorescence lateral raceme (3)4-12(16) cm long,

scape and rachis green to dark purple and almost black; scape 1-8 cm long straight to slightly curved, naked or with 1-3 minute sterile bracts, simple or rarely 1-2 branched; rachis (2)3-7(8) cm long, slightly zig-zag curved, with few to many lax, spirally arranged flowers distant on (2)3-5(6) mm. Floral bracts minute, triangular, acute, about 1 mm long and wide. Pedicel and ovary (2)2.5-5(6) mm long and 0.6-1 mm in diam., yellowish-green to purple, rarely almost white, sometime hardly hairy with sparse small rusty trichomes. Flowers campanulate, not widely opening, 3-3.5(4) mm across; sepals and petals fleshy, dull pale yellowish, sometime with 2 indistinct brown-orange longitudinal bands; lip white or yellowish, with yellow to purple side lobes, median lobe and spur white or yellowish; column white to yellowish, sometime slightly pink at front; anther cap white or yellowish. Sepals broadly obovate, concave, cucullate, obtuse, 3 mm long, 1.8-2 mm wide. Petals narrowly obovate, obtuse, as long as sepals, 1-1.2 mm wide, forward directed. Lip spurred, 3.5-4 mm long (from spur apex to the apex of median lip lobe), 3-lobed; side lobes narrowly conic, horn-like, obtuse, parallel and forward protruding, 1-1.2 mm long, 0.8-1 mm wide at the base; median lobe triangular sagittate, 1.4-1.6 mm long, 1.8-2.2 mm wide, acute, straight, forward directed; disc with 3 fleshy low indistinct keels; spur broadly conical, saccate, slightly down curved at the base, 1.3-1.5 mm long and wide with entire, round apex and incomplete longitudinal septum inside. Back-wall callus simple, glabrous, in form of laterally compressed boss, indistinctly bilobed adaxially and abaxially. Column short, stout, erect, 1.5-1.8 mm high, 1.2 mm wide. Anther cap hemispherical, 0.6-0.8 mm in diam., shortly beaked. Stipe (tegula) 1-1.2 mm long, simple, linear-filiform, slightly widening, curved and conduplicate at apex; viscidium minute, simple in form of flat ovate plate. Pollinia 2, each half-split into 2 subequal hemispheric portions, 0.3-0.4 mm in diam. Fruits narrowly elliptic capsule 1-1.8 cm long, 2.5-3.5 mm in diam., placed horizontally or suberect on rigid stalk 2-3 mm long.

Etymology: Species name refers to the horn-shaped, forward protruding obtuse lip lobes.

Ecology: Canopy epiphyte. Primary and secondary broad-leaved, mixed and coniferous evergreen shady humid forests on highly eroded rocky limestone, commonly on steep slopes near hill or mountain tops. 100-1600 m. Fl. December - January; July - August. Occasional. Estimated IUCN Red List status - DD.

Distribution: Vietnam: Ha Giang (Meo Vac), Lai Chau (Sin Ho), Lang Son (Huu Lung), Son La (sine loc.), Thai Nguyen (Vo Nhai), Thanh Hoa (Ba Thuoc; Thuong Xuan). Endemic.

Studied specimens (paratypes): VIETNAM: Ha Giang province, Meo Vac district, Sung Tra municipality, Ta Cha Lang village, L. Averyanov, P.K. Loc, T.V. Thao, P.V. The, N.S. Khang, HAL 8464B (HN, LE); Lai Chau province, Sin Ho district, Xa De Phin municipality, Mao Xa Phin village, P.K. Loc, N.T. Vinh, N.S. Khang, P.N. Quan,d T.A. Suu HAL 8713 (HN, LE, MO); Lang Son province, Huu Lung district, Huu Lien municipality, Huu Lien nature reserve, P.V. The, N.T.Vinh PVT 487B (LE-photo); Son La province, Chu Xuan Canh, s.n. (LE - photo); Thanh Hoa province, Ba Thuoc district, Co Lung municipality, territory of Pu Luong protected area, Co Lung village, N. T. Hiep, L. Averyanov, N.T. Vinh, D.T. Doan HAL 1103 (HN, LE, MO); Thai Nguyen province, Vo Nhai district, Than Sa municipality, Kim Son village, N.T. Hiep, P.K. Loc, L. Averyanov NTH 3889 (hN, LE).

 

ẢNH

Cleisostoma tricornutum Aver..jpg at www.BotanyVN.com

Ảnh 1. Cleisostoma tricornutum Aver..jpg

 

PHÂN LOẠI KHOA HỌC
Giới: Thực vật
Ngành: Magnoliophyta
Lớp: Liliopsida
Bộ: Orchidales
Họ: Orchidaceae
Chi: Cleisostoma

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