Watercress (Nasturtium officinale or Nasturtium microphyllum) is an aquatic plant or semi-aquatic, perennial and grow. They originated from Europe, Central Asia and is one of the vegetables used by humans for so long.
Watercress is a member of the Cress (Brassicaceae). In terms of botany it has a closed relationship with the familly of cabbage and mustard. They all have pungent and spicy flavor, is grown in most of the places in Vietnam, a popular vegetable dish in the winter - spring.
The results of analysis of chemical components in 100g watercress (edible portion used to) showed that there is nutritional value as follows: 93g of water seizing, 1.7 - 2g of protein, 0.2 to 0.3g fat, 3 - 4g carbohydrates, 0.8 - 1g fiber, vitamin A, B1, B2, C and many other minerals. Specifically, the amount of iodine in watercress in very high to 20-30 mg/100g within the edible portion. High Vitamin C (40 - 45mg/100g vegetables) ...
Due to watercress contain high levels of vitamin C, also vitamin A, B1, B2 then it should help to protect health, antioxidant, anti-trust, increases body resistance, anti-aging phenomenon pathology and preserve youthful features. In addition, there are many minerals factors easily absorbed such as calcium, iodine as they are in the form of organic links. With adequate amount of calcium per day for the body is 1.000mg, it will help people prevent from heart-disease and contribute to anti-aging.
Iodine is needed for thyroid to prevent goiter and increase self-defense for the body, increase metabolism of cells, anti-rickets and obesity, skin diseases, arteriosclerosis disease in old men. The amount of iodine needed for the body is very small only 0.1 to 0.5 mg/day, but the body will suffer from diseases if lack of iodine, so every day to eat watercress from 9 - 10 g is enough of iodine.
Watercress helps to detoxify while is appetite, diuretic, has more fiber so good for the stomach, liver evacuated and contribute to reducing stasis disease. Watercress cooked with fresh fish would be delicious, nourishing, cool, heat evacuated, diuretic, hemostatic, and is a treatment of lung disease.
Not only is delicious vegetables, nourishing, watercress is considered as pharmaceuticals, the cure many diseases as follows:
Watercress 150g, 150g pig's lung cooked to soup and use in the morning. Afternoon watercress will be mixed with 100g beef then raw-fry with the vinegar. Eating continuously for several days. This food helps nourish the body, increase resistance, fast cure.
Cure gallstones, kidney stones:
Get watercress exposed in fresh cool air until dry. Use 50g per day in soil pot, pour 3 bowls of water then boil into 1 bowled after vaporated, hot drink twice a day (morning, afternoon).
In case of environmental tongue sores, bleeding tooth, take watercress cooked with carrots then drink right.
Press into pure water or pound 100g of watercress, 100g of celery, 100g of radish, 100g of carrots and 100g of cabbage, squeezed then drink. These are very efficiently remedies to treat diabetes.
Cure urinary retention:
Watercress washed, mixed with sesame oil and vinegar.
Treatment of chronic bronchitis:
Ingredients are 150g of watercress, 50g of perilla leaves, 5g of fresh ginger. Pour the whole 3 ones into soil pot, pour 3 bowls of water then boil into 1 bowl, divided three times, drink within one day. Drink 3-4 hours/times. Heat before drink.
Many experiments show that the active ingredient is extracted from the leaves of watercress actually prevent the growth of cancer cells. The study confirmed isothiocyanate - a group of compounds in watercress - are able to prevent the growth of cancer cells.