Through the study conducted by our researchers on some groups of useful plants in Muong and Dao communities living in Na Bai and Pha Le village. It was shown that:
- Muong minority are collecting in nature for their use 12 plants groups, including: 198 medicinal plants, 34 vegetable plants, 8 starch plants, 17 edible fruit plants , 7 dying plants, 13 poison plants,11 fiber plants, 21 green crops, 30 timber-trees, 38 trees for fire-wood, 10 plants for other purposes.
- The Dao minority usually use 165 medicinal plants, 22 vegetable plants, 4 starch planst, 10 adible fruit plants, 6 dying plants, 5 poison plants, 3 fiber plants, 5 green crops, 9 timber-trees, 10 trees for fire-wood, 7 plants for other purposes.
Because of essential requirement, Dao and Muong community in Chieng Yen have based on using wild plants so that some species are being exploited with a great number. Some species may be threatened in nature such as Heterosmilax sp., Fibraurea sp., Dendrobium sp., Milletia speciosa. In a long term, it should apply measures to encourage development and sustainable use of those useful plants, which might bring economic benefit for the locality as well as for the country.
Nguyen Thi Phuong Thao, Nguyen Thi Thuy, Pham Van Thinh
Truong Anh Thu, Bui Van Thanh, Ha Tuan Anh
Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources